Accurate calculation of poker odds
This is easy enough if you understand the concepts
the odds of winning in poker theory are one of the most important indicators for all professionalsDue to the fact that the player will be able and know how to calculate the odds in poker, he will have a great advantage in winning over other opponents. The ability to correctly calculate the odds in poker is the difference between beginners and professionals. In this article, we will learn the terminology of poker odds, how to calculate them and use the information obtained directly in the game process.
It is used to best understand a given topic
Thanks to the knowledge gained today, you can improve the quality of the game and get closer to regular winnings.
Before you start deep learning studying this concept, it is necessary to find out its terminology. Pot odds in poker are information that poker players take into account when deciding whether to call a bet on an opponent who has a draw hand.
In addition, you must also take into account the ratio between the chance of winning and the pot-equit.
Thus, when a flush or straight draw is played, you need to know how to determine whether a certain stack is worth answering or not, taking into account only bet and pot. It is not uncommon in Texas hold'em when a player has two pocket cards of the same suit and two cards of the same suit are on the Board, then a flash draw is formed. It is this combination that we will take as an example for further explanation of today's concept. There are only two ways to calculate pot equity in Texas hold'em-ratio and percentage calculation. Thanks to these two methods, you can ensure an excellent result, which is why the choice between they don't play a special role - only at the request and preference of the poker player. Often, players choose the ratio method because it is more accurate, while beginners choose the percentage method because it is easier and more understandable for them.
The ratio method is described on any forum, and it is found in every poker theory book.
Here is a good example.
There are only a few players left at the table - you and your opponent. The pot is worth $, and the opponent makes a bet of $, what to do in this situation? First of all, you need to calculate the odds for the number of possible combinations on the turn. This can be done thanks to the ratio between useful and useless cards in the deck. Five cards are already known - on the General table and in the player's hands. There are still cards left that we don't know. In this deck there are cards of the required suit, thanks to which you can complete the flash and there are unnecessary ones left. From this, we can make a ratio of to (if in a reduction of to). After that, you need to compare the result obtained with the probability of pot equity. As we have already found out, a flush on the turn can be formed in the case of to, in other words, out of five draws, only in one case it will turn out to form the necessary combination, the rest will be losers.
After that, you need to calculate the probability of winning, but taking into account not the cards themselves, but the pot and bet.
When the opponent makes a bet of $, then adding another $ to it, the pot amount will already be $. Based on this, $ will need to be wagered in order to be able to take the entire Bank. Making the ratio, we get that the probability of winning the whole pot is (reducing). To sum up, the probability increases by, and the total pot win increases by. Therefore, you should decide whether to call as a response to the opponent's stack, since the probability of winning the pot is much greater than the opportunity to get the necessary amount. a combination - you can get more at a distance than you can lose a certain amount. You should also remember that you can only call on an opponent's bet when the pot equity is greater than the chance to increase the strength of your hand. If you are sure that you will be able to quickly and correctly calculate the chances of closing the required combination, without using additional applications, you can use a special ready-made table. Thanks to it, in printed form, the player will be able to quickly calculate the required indicator, regardless of whether he can calculate it in his head or not. The second method is the percentage ratio. As already mentioned, beginners consider this method of calculation to be the easiest, but in practice it is very rarely used. To show the effect of the percentage method, we will give an example not with a flash draw, but on a straight draw. The pot is $, the opponent adds another $ to it, and the total pot size is $. The question becomes, is it necessary to make a call on the completed stack? To answer this question, you need to make a percentage calculation. First, we calculate the chances of improving your hand. For this you need to find out how likely it is possible to form a street on the next street, this will help calculating the number of outs.
Here you need to bring the straight completely, for a full combination you need a five or ten.
The deck contains cards from each face value, which makes a total of combinations. In order to correctly calculate exponentially the chance of strengthening a certain combination, you need to multiply the sum of all outs twice and add. This results in the following formula.